1 3: Users of Accounting Information Business LibreTexts

Government agencies that track and use taxes are interested in the financial story of a business. They want to know whether the business is paying taxes according to current tax laws. The language in which tax-related financial statements are prepared is called IRC or Internal Revenue Code. Accountants provide information that helps government departments conduct their watchdog functions over business units. For example, it is the responsibility of the income tax department to monitor and audit tax compliance.

  • Publicly traded companies obtain capital from the public, and, therefore, have a duty to keep the public aware of the financial health and operations of the company.
  • For example to that statement; an MBA student looking for financial information on Google, he/she is an external user of the accounting information of Google.
  • Internal users (primary users) – If a user of the information is part of the business itself then he/she is considered as one of the internal or primary users of accounting information.

In turn, it is possible to determine the overall impact on the country’s economy. An investor is interested in knowing about the financial position of the business. A large number of people, entities, and stakeholders have an interest in the financial well-being of businesses. A list is given below of some of the users of the information provided by accounting. Lenders and creditors will require the information as part of their decisions about whether to extend credit to the business, and in what amounts.

Investment Analysts

Employees want to know if the company has the ability to pay remuneration and benefits. Labor unions review the financial performance and condition of the company before making demands on salary increase, employment benefits, and other labor matters. Customers are more likely to have an interest in a company’s financial statements when they rely upon the goods and services provided by the firm.

  • Anyone outside the company who do not participate in the day-to-day operations of the business and makes use of the company’s financial information is considered an external user.
  • Generally, internal financial reports cover different subjects, such as sales, marketing, human resource, etc.
  • Managers rely on accounting data to form their business decisions such as investment, financing and pricing decisions.
  • Investors and potential investors of an enterprise are interested in the prosperity of the business.

If the company decided to eliminate the printers, then it would also lose the cartridge sales. In the past, in some cases, the elimination of one component, such as printers, led to customers switching to a different producer for its computers and other peripheral hardware. In the end, an organization needs to consider both the financial and nonfinancial aspects of a decision, and sometimes the effects are not intuitively obvious at the time of the decision. Figure 1.3 offers an overview of some of the differences between financial and managerial accounting.

It acts as a bridge between users of the information and the day to day transactions that occur inside a business. Thus, we can say that financial statements are of a great significance for owners and management to know the solvency, profitability and capital structure of the firm. On the other hand, external reporting involves preparing financial information to be distributed to parties outside the organization. Unlike internal reports, external reports do not contain confidential information about the company.


On the basis of financial statements, government authorities determine the progress of various industries and the need for financial help. Sometimes government restricts the trade which is using unfair trade practices and charging more prices for essential commodities. Occasionally, tax authorities conduct audits of the tax returns filed by businesses in order to verify the information with the underlying accounting records. Just like lenders, suppliers need accounting information to assess the credit-worthiness of its customers before offering goods and services on credit.

Trade Creditors or Suppliers

Accountants provide relevant financial information to help the department carry out its work efficiently and effectively. They need information about the financial performance and position of the business. For this reason, they use accounting information to look into the financial affairs of the business. Tax authorities use accounting information in determining taxes due from the business.

Top 10 Accounting Professional Bodies In The World In 2023

External users are creditors, investors, government, trading partners, regulatory agencies, international standardization agencies, journalists and internal users are owners, directors, managers, and employees of the company. Potential investors are interested in the past performance of a business and its potential for future earnings. The financial statements of a company summarizes historical information on performance, financial position, and business activities. These sets of information are vital in assessing profitable investments.

Management – Organization’s internal management includes all junior and senior business managers. LO
1.4The accounting information of a privately held company is generally available to all of the following except for ________. LO
1.4All of the following are sustainable methods businesses can use to raise capital (funding) except for ________. The accounting information provides information necessary for making changes to the existing laws at the right moment for the economy and society’s betterment.

Poor liquidity, low profitability, lack of assets that can be secured and an inability to pay liabilities on time demonstrate poor financial health of borrowers. Lenders use accounting information of borrowers to assess their credit worthiness, i.e. their ability to pay back any loan. Many employees review accounting information in the annual report just to get a better understanding of the company’s business. Accounting information also helps creditors to make decisions about whether to offer loans to a business in the future.

That is, reviewing how the organization performed in the past can help managers and other employees make better decisions about and adjustments to future activities. External users also use the historical pattern of an organization’s financial performance as a predictive tool. For example, when deciding whether to loan money to an organization, a bank may require a certain number of years of financial statements and other financial information from the organization. part time work home bookkeeper jobs, employment The bank will assess the historical performance in order to make an informed decision about the organization’s ability to repay the loan and interest (the cost of borrowing money). Similarly, a potential investor may look at a business’s past financial performance in order to assess whether or not to invest money in the company. In this scenario, the investor wants to know if the organization will provide a sufficient and consistent return on the investment.

Information based on judgments, estimates, and approximations may not be entirely accurate, but it should still be reliable. Relevant information provides feedback on past actions that helps confirm or adjust current expectations. Normally, relevant information provides both feedback and predictive value simultaneously. It is crucial for the information provided in financial statements to be easily understood by the users.

Or, you may have your own investment account on the side, picking your own stocks. However, most of the investors in the stock market are retirement funds and mutual funds, and those funds are run by people, like you, who need reliable financial information in order to make an informed decision. The government is a separate type of external user that is also interested in a company’s performance, mainly for purposes of collecting the proper amount of tax, but also for other regulatory purposes.

Major prospective customers will want to review a firm’s financial information to see if it is stable enough to be a long-term supplier, or if the firm has the financial resources to complete a major project on their behalf. Labor union negotiators want to see a firm’s financial statements in order to arrive at negotiating positions regarding the compensation and benefits of the employees that they represent. With a clear understanding of users of accounting information; for more learning use our complete guideline on principles of accounting and intermediate accounting. Society is that part of business environment in which business enterprise is born and grows. Business enterprise helps the society by protecting environment, generating employment, providing residential accommodation and low cost education to the weaker sections of the society etc.

Financial information is important for an investor to ensure the investment is secure. Creditors and Investors are the most regular example of external users among many other external users. Comparability allows users to identify similarities and differences in economic phenomena, as these differences and similarities should not be obscured by non-comparable accounting methods.

For the employees operating in the finance department, using accounting information is usually part of their job description. This includes for example preparing and reviewing various financial reports such as financial statements. The managers of the reporting entity need financial information in order to make operational and financial decisions about how to enhance the financial results, financial position, and cash flows of the organization. Creditors want to know if a company can pay its bills in a timely manner, and so will want to peruse the financial statements to determine the firm’s liquidity. They have a particular interest in the current ratio of the organization. An outcome of this examination can be a change in the amount of credit extended to a business.

In this connection, business enterprises regularly keep a constant touch with the accounting information of their competitors. Employees are interested in accounting information because their salary appraisals, bonuses, and other monetary and non-monetary benefits are attached to the company’s financial position. Non-managerial employees form part of the operations of the company but do not participate in decision-making.

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